Habitat Restoration Project


We did it!

Thanks to all of us working together, the island of South Georgia has been declared rodent free – the result of ten years of planning and fundraising, three sessions of baiting work covering over square 1000km and a survey checking over 100 sites – phew! You, the supporters of Friends of South Georgia Island and the South Georgia Heritage Trust, made this incredible achievement possible.  

Read more in our  2018 newsletter

Indicators of success

As South Georgia Pintails and Pipits cannot breed in areas where rats live, they are indicator species for the success of rat eradication efforts. The presence of these species on the island, now cleared of rats during the Habitat Restoration Project is an important indicator of it’s success.

We had thrilling news, in January 2015, that the first South Georgia Pipit nest was discovered in an area we had cleared of rodents in 2013. This was the start of many indicators showing the rapid impact of the Habitat Restoration Project on this potentially endangered species. The South Georgia Pipit, which is the world’s most southerly songbird, cannot breed in areas infested with rodents.

This 2017 article “The Sound of The Pipits” from FOSGI president Denise Landau relates the kind of signs of recovery from the field that we continue to hear from visitors. For example in the 2017/18 survey (project phase 4 ) of the island, we detected the presence of nesting pipits, pintails, petrels, prions, albatross and more. We have a recording of pipit song on our gallery if you would like to hear it.

Also see this historical article on Improvements in Habitat 2011-2017


South Georgia Pintail. Photo by Denise Landau (2015)

South Georgia Pipit. Photo by Nici Rymer (2015)

South Georgia Pipit. Photo by Nici Rymer (2015)


Pipit nest discovered in January 2015 at Schlieper Bay on the South coast of the North-West baiting zone treated in May 2013 as part of Phase 2 of the project.

Pipit nest discovered in January 2015 at Schlieper Bay on the South coast of the North-West baiting zone treated in May 2013 as part of Phase 2 of the project.



What now? Bio-security!

We are supporting the GSGSSI program to ensure that vessels entering the maritime zone do not re-contaminate the island with rodents, using rodent detection dogs to test/check incoming ships and cargo. Read more here.



Story of the Habitat Restoration Project

Phase 1

Phase1At the conclusion of Phase 1, we were over the moon, to date it was the largest rat eradication area baited anywhere in the world. But..to add Phase 2 and 3 to our list is monumental. In 2014, we sent a monitoring team into the Phase 1 and in part Phase 2 areas to look for signs of rat!  So far so good! fingers crossed!

Phase 2 

Phase2In 2013, we had to purchase one additional helicopter and hired a slightly larger team and needed to purchase much more equipment to take south. Fortunately the British Antarctic Survey vessel Sir Ernest Shackleton was available for charter to move our helicopters from the United Kingdom to South Georgia. Tour Vessels were a huge help in moving supplies and personnel south too. Working closely with Tour companies shows that linking tourism with conservation is an important aspect of achieving success. 

Phase 3


Excitement by all for the commencement of Phase 3. The thought that if we succeeded, we will have achieved something that no one else in the world had accomplished!

On January 24, 2015 18 members of Team Rat and 7 support staff from Team Albatross and the officers and crew embarked the Sir Ernest Shackleton. Nearly three weeks later despite hurricane force winds, our incredible pilots and deck team, GIS Specialists, Radio and Communications specialists, Deck Crew and everyone else managed to drop the bait pods and fuel barrels to prepare for the next job of baiting.

By April and the good fortune of enough weather windows, baiting was achieved. Our team baited the largest landmass ever attempted. On USA terms, South Georgia is nearly the same size as “Long Island” but much more rugged, mountainous, glaciated and in the middle of the South Atlantic. In three years of baiting, We achieved our set goals of dropping bait where needed.  Phase 3 cost us much more than we anticipated as we were required to add additional helicopter GPS equipment, unused (thankfully) safety nets and more.


In March 2015 we reached a historic milestone in this project when the phase 3 baiting of the island was completed.

Page from "Late March 2015” Project Newsletter showing the last baiting load.

Page from “Late March 2015” Project Newsletter showing the last baiting load.


The project director, Professor Tony Martin, wrote from South Georgia Island of the importance of this milestone in the “Late March 2015 Project Newsletter“:

Professor Tony Martin. Photo Roland Gockel

Professor Tony Martin. Photo Roland Gockel


“…the enormity of what we’ve achieved is beginning to sink in. And when I say ‘we’, I’m not referring to Team Rat, but to the thousands who have contributed to this project in so many ways over many years. …And of course the donors of many nations who share a vision of a rejuvenated South Georgia. A South Georgia free of destructive predators that should never have been here; an island once again able to host the millions of birds that once filled its night sky with a cacophony of sound and honeycombed its soil with myriad nesting burrows.”

The 2017 large scale survey of the island was the next major milestone in the project.

“our job is far from over…the Habitat Restoration Project must and will continue until we know that the baiting has achieved its aim.

…we cannot afford to take anything for granted.

We have to be vigilant for any sign that rodents have survived the initial baiting operation, and be ready to snuff out any such pockets of survivors. To that end a large scale yacht-based survey (with all its concomitant costs) will be carried out in a couple of years’ time; only after that can we truly relax and know that the job has indeed been done.”


Phase 4: Monitoring, evaluating and inspecting the sites

Phase 4 Monitoring: In 2017/18 we sent a team of rodent detector dogs to the island looking for any signs of rodent presence. Also more importantly we detected the presence of nesting pipits, pintails, petrels, prions, albatross and more. The great news is we succeeded in the largest and most successful rodent eradication anywhere on earth!

Having been working with this project since 2009, to be able to sail with Team Rat in January and February 2015 was a privilege. Our team was incredibly competent, professional and frankly, the best in the world!

Thanks to all of Team Rat for all four phases and to all our administrative support staff, committee members, Trustees, board members, volunteers and most importantly our donors. You have contributed towards securing South Georgia as one of THE main breeding sites for seabirds and our pipit anywhere else in the world. In the future, South Georgia will have black clouds of seabirds choosing this island for its breeding preferences.

With gratitude and respect, we thank you all thus far for everyone’s community efforts.

Denise Landau


Read more about the survey in our Newsletter and Latest News Pages.


Click on image above to see the Newsletter section



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